The Trump administration on Thursday signed a sweeping anti-bike bill that would make it a felony for people to ride their bikes on public streets or highways.
The law, signed by President Donald Trump, comes after the deadly September 2016 mass shooting at a Washington, D.C., shopping mall, in which a gunman shot up the crowded mall and killed 14 people and wounded dozens more.
The measure was quickly condemned by advocacy groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union.
The American Civil Justice Center, which is part of the ACLU, has called the measure “a dangerous new weapon for law enforcement and prosecutors.”
Lawmakers and public safety officials said the bill would make bike riding illegal in many places, including bars, restaurants, bars and stadiums.
The bill, which goes into effect July 1, was originally approved by Congress in 2014.
The legislation was passed by the House in 2015 and by the Senate in 2016, and signed into law by President Trump.
While the legislation does not specifically target cyclists, it does include a provision that makes it a misdemeanor for a person to ride a bicycle in public without permission from a police officer.
That is an extremely broad and vague law, said Joshua L. Shapiro, director of the National Law Center on Civil Rights and the Environment at the University of California, Berkeley.
“I would expect to see a lot of cases where the law will be applied in a way that is likely to make it very difficult to pursue criminal liability for riding your bike,” Shapiro said.
He said that many of the states with the toughest laws in the country would likely have the harshest penalties for bicycle riders.
Under the new law, a person would need to show that they were “at reasonable distance” from the bike and “at the time of the violation” that the law was in effect.
The new law also applies to a person who is riding in a car or is on a bicycle when the police officer reasonably suspects that the person is riding a bicycle.
The rider must also prove that the officer “reasonably believed” that they are a bicycle rider.
The provision also makes it illegal to ride on sidewalks or public property in areas with more than four feet of clear, continuous space.
The definition of “public street” under the new bill includes the sidewalk, public right-of-way, sidewalks and sidewalks adjacent to streets, roads, bridges and highways.
It also covers the sidewalks, streets and streets that are part of major thoroughfares, bike paths and public areas, including parks, sports arenas and other outdoor areas.
The language of the bill, as well as the language in the bill’s explanatory statement, is similar to the language of a bill passed in the California Legislature in December that made it a crime to ride your bicycle in a public place, and which was later amended to make riding on public property a felony.
“We are thrilled that the Trump Administration is finally addressing a serious problem,” said Kevin D. Loughran, executive director of BikeLane, an advocacy group.
“There is still much work to be done to ensure that the President’s plan can work as intended, but now that this is a bipartisan issue, the public will see a bill that will help keep the streets safe and allow law enforcement to pursue justice in cases of bicycle crimes,” he said.
The California law was modeled after similar laws in New York and Washington, and has been challenged in federal court, including by bike advocates.
The federal case is expected to be heard by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Washington in late September.
The court will hear oral arguments in the case in February.
Lighter penalties in Washington The new bill also expands penalties for those who violate the new rules for riding a bike.
Under existing law, the maximum penalty for a violation of the law is $5,000.
The expanded penalty would be $100 for the first offense, $500 for each subsequent offense and $1,000 for the second or subsequent offense.
Under this new bill, a first offense of riding a vehicle while distracted would be a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in prison and a $1 on a first or subsequent violation.
The maximum penalty would also increase to $5 for the initial violation, $5.50 for each additional violation and $100.
A second or more violation is a misdemeanor and a third or more is a felony punishable by a maximum of five years in prison.
The penalties are in addition to existing fines for violating the new laws.